ANIMAL TRANSPORTATION GUIDELINES
| Prerequisite | General
Transportation Requirements |
| Specific Transportation
Requirements | Health Assurance Information |
the Shipment | Shipping the Animals |
Live or Dead Animals Containing Hazardous Materials |
Department of Transportation (DOT), US Department
of Agriculture (USDA) and UCSF Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) have established strict
guidelines for transport of all live animals.
As a shipper/transporter you are responsible
for taking all the necessary precautions to
ensure the well being of animals.
Please contact LARC at 476-2204 for assistance on transportation of animals. Animals cannot be transported on UCSF or VA Shuttles, public transportation or private cabs. LARC has designated transport vehicles for local transportation.
are certain requirements that apply to all
transportation of live animals regardless of
the final destination. The following is a summary
of the more important requirements:
Be an authorized user under a currently active protocol.
- Be knowledgeable in the transportation guidelines.
- Be familiar with the appropriate provisions of the UCSF-Occupational
Health and Safety in the Care and Use of Research Animals.
- Provide the transportation logbook and vehicle for inspection every 6 months.
- Cages and other shipping containers must meet the minimum standards
for size, ventilation, strength, sanitation and design
for safe handling. Some transportation-related stress
is inevitable, but it can be minimized by attention to
those factors (contact 476-2204 for assistance).
You must follow all applicable additional safety precautions
established by other UCSF Campus Committees (e.g. Biological
Safety Committee, etc.).
LARC Director (or his designee) is:
for oversight of these animal transportation guidelines,
grant exceptions when it is considered in the best
interest of the animal(s).
IACUC will resolve conflicts regarding animal transportation
all transportation of animals, including intra-institutional
transit time and the risk of zoonoses
- Minimize the risk of exposure to animal allergens and zoonotic diseases
against environmental extremes
food and water when indicated
against physical trauma
separate the animals by species to prevent interspecies
disease transmission and to eliminate anxiety and possible
physiological and behavioral changes due to interspecies
temperature extremes when animals are transported; special
precautions or postponements are required when temperatures
are below 450 F or above 850 F and
may jeopardize the welfare of the animals.
care in handling enclosures used to transport live animals.
They must not be tossed, dropped, needlessly tilted, stacked
in a manner which may reasonably be expected to result
in their falling, or handled in any manner which may cause
physical trauma or stress to the animals.
a LARC Veterinarian (476-2204) to verify that the animals
removed from the housing areas can be returned. This
is especially important for rodents, as rodents taken out
of a barrier facility to a laboratory, or non-barrier
cannot return to the barrier.
the husbandry supervisor (476-2204) to arrange for the
return of animals that can be returned to the housing area.
animal(s) will not be returned, either notify the LARC
Business Office (476-2204), or return the cage card(s)
on the day the animals are removed. Per-diem charges are
calculated based on the animal housing period.
contact LARC at 476-2204 for assistance on transportation
of animals. Animals cannot be transported on UCSF or
VA Shuttles, public transportation or private cabs. LARC
has designated transport vehicles for local transportation.
- See Barrier
to Barrier Transportation Form and also Request
to Export Animals From UCSF and Obtain Health Reports Form.
- Under special circumstances, rodents may be transported in a private vehicle. Animal users must provide justification for private transport of animals in Section K (Locations) of the animal protocol and maintain a private transportation logbook.
a UCSF Campus
can only be transported to facilities (e.g. laboratories,
study areas) outside of the LARC space for which the Investigator
has an approval from the IACUC.
Please note that housing rats or mice in your lab for more than 12 hours requires
special permission from the IACUC.
of animals must be done in a direct and timely manner,
avoiding public areas and areas primarily used by patients.
hallways are public and as such any movement of animals
to a lab in these areas should be discrete and unobtrusive.
Opaque or shielded transportation containers reduce animal
may be hand carried between buildings on a UCSF campus
in filter-top housing cages with cover securely taped
do not place cages in the hallways outside of the laboratories.
This practice may result in spread of disease to the healthy
rodent populations and staff; lost cages also contribute
towards higher costs. Return all empty cages to the designated
areas (e.g. Animal Towers) and place them inside the red
carts designated for storage of dirty cages.
of large animals within a campus must be done in a LARC
approved transportation unit. The must be pre-approved by the IACUC
and described in the approved protocol.
- An immobilizing
drug and/or secure physical control system should be used
when transporting non-human primates between rooms in a
UCSF Satellite Locations
At times it is necessary to transport
animals between UCSF Satellite Locations. In
these instances the following requirements apply:
LARC Animal Transportation Service, or an approved outside
vendor, must be used for the movement of dogs, cats, swine,
non-human primates and other large animals. The movement
must be pre-approved by the IACUC and described in the
approved protocol addressing the mode of transportation,
the number of animals transported, and the frequency of
animals are moved only on Thursdays, but conventional rodents
can be transferred on Monday through Friday. Forty-eight
(48) hour notices must be provided.
- Under special circumstances, vertebrate research animals may be transported in a private vehicle. Animal users must provide justification for private transport of animals in Section K (Locations) of the animal protocol and maintain a private transportation logbook.
- Vertebrate research animals may NOT be transported
on any UCSF shuttles.
- A physical
containment system must be used when transporting non-human
primates between buildings unless the entire caging system
can be relocated with the animals in place.
animals must be clearly identified prior to transportation.
This can be achieved by tattoos, USDA-approved ID tags,
or subcutaneous transponders.
must be full coordination with the LARC supervisor of the
facility receiving the animal(s) at the other campus site.
This is important to ensure that animals are received properly
and that appropriate facilities are available for housing.
transported animals should be given a period for physiologic,
psychologic, and nutritional stabilization before their
use. The length of time for stabilization will depend on
the type and duration of animal transportation, the species
involved, and the intended use of the animals.
current UCSF Policy all work with sheep or sheep tissue
must be performed at the Parnassus Sheep Containment Facility
(Sheep Barn). Use of sheep jor sheep tissue at all other
locations must be approved by the LARC Director and UCSF
Biological Safety Officer and is strictly restricted to
sheep or sheep tissue which can be certified as Q-fever
free. Therefore, no transportation of sheep is allowed.
the transportation of large animals to Mission Center or
Mount Zion Facility is prohibited.
of animals to non-UCSF facilities is subject to additional
requirements, the extent of which depends on the location,
as well as polices of, the receiving institution.
complexity of shipping requirements changes significantly
location of receiving institution. As an example,
shipping outside of the USA requires USDA/APHIS (Animal
and Plant Health Inspection Service) certificate
of veterinary inspection. Some States have specific
quarantine requirements for some species.
method, (for example, the airline's established company
policy for the proper handling of the animals they
may be able to schedule transportation within the general
SF Bay Area. Transportation over longer distances will
require the use of commercial carriers.
- It is
strongly recommended that LARC (476-2204) be contacted
as soon as possible to make the necessary arrangements.
Health Assurance Information
receiving animals typically require health assurance information
before they will accept the animals.
- To facilitate
the export of animals from UCSF, LARC requests that investigators
submit a Request to Export Animals from UCSF. This form
identifies the UCSF investigator, the species, strain and
number of animals to be shipped as well as the investigator
and facility receiving the animals.
LARC receives a completed Transfer/Ship Animals form:
investigator will contact the receiving institution
and provide them with the necessary health assurance
information; these may be obtained from LARC.
the receiving institution agrees to accept the animals,
the investigator will confirm the shipping address.
For species requiring USDA Health Certificates, LARC
will issue the Certificate for the shipment.
LARC Business Office will make shipping arrangements.
has contact information for commercial shipping firms
that handle animals, shipping crates and miscellaneous
items such as transport gel.
ensure the safety and well being of the animals,
LARC requires that animals not be shipped after Wednesday
of a normal business week. Shipping later in the
week may result in animals being left unattended
over a weekend in an airport cargo containment facility.
Live or Dead Animals Containing Hazardous Materials
of hazardous materials in general poses special
problems, this is significantly amplified (e.g.
potential spread through excreta) when the material
is contained in an animal. It is therefore important
that appropriate precautions are incorporated
both during the transportation and after the
animals have arrived at their destination. Due
to complexity of these requirements, the investigators
planning to transport live animals containing
radioactive materials or biohazards (e.g. human
pathogens) or chemicals (e.g. carcinogens) from
one location to another must contact their Departmental
Safety Advisor (DSA) directly (or by calling
476-1300) for specific guidance.